Bica Blog

An Introduction to Haiku - What is a Kigo?

Posted on January 20, 2020 at 10:20 AM

What is a kigo?


A kigo (season word)(plural kigo) is a word or phrase associated with a particular season, used in Japanese poetry. Haiku poems, especially traditional or “pure” ones, also use season words or phrases. These words capture the setting and mood. Season words can be obvious or subtle, universal or culture-specific. In Japan, poets often use a book called a saijiki, which lists kigo  with example poems.


In English-language haiku, we can simply state the season (winter, spring, summer, autumn) or use words that allude to the season (snow means winter, blossoms means spring, etc). For those who seek to write “pure haiku”, season words should be further analyzed, as they can house a deeper meaning than simply referencing a season.


Examples of haiku using obvious season words:


spring breeze—

the pull of her hand

as we near the pet store

 

—Michael Dylan Welch

First published in Woodnotes  19, Winter 1993

 

summer holiday—

walking the dogs

where they want to go


—Corine Timmer

Honorable Mention, the Haiku Society of America Harold G. Henderson Haiku Contest, 2017

 

Judge’s comments: Summer is the season of relaxation. A holiday in summer is dialed back even further. Here the poet lets the dogs take the lead on an adventure. It’s the essence of a vacation from the self. Lighthearted humor works perfectly in this haiku.

 

autumn night—

I received it from the dog

and gave it to the cat

 

—Taneda Santōka (1882-1940)(translation by John Stevens)


Examples of haiku using subtle season words:


little ladybug

hides under her lovely shell

a pair of long wings

 

—J.W. Hackett

 First published in Bug Haiku by Japan Publications, Inc., Tokyo, December 1968


frogspawn

between the reeds

a little girl again


kikkerdril

tussen het riet

weer even dat kleine meisje


—Corine Timmer

First published in Blithe Spirit, Volume 27, Number 4, November 2017 (Dutch trans. by Corine Timmer)


 

cancer diagnosis

the weight

of each snowflake


—Corine Timmer

Winning entry in the international section of the 22th Mainichi Haiku Contest, 2019


Judge’s comments: This haiku by Ms. Timmer of Portugal could well be described as an answer to these words from Jacottet. She was presumably diagnosed with cancer. Perhaps on her way home as the snow began to fall, she became aware of the weight in each and every fragile snowflake. There is a natural, graceful brilliance here first perceived in the midst of illness and a premonition of death. It is a truly poignant haiku. (Judged by Toru Haga)


I was never diagnosed with cancer but some of my family members have been. This is an example of how haiku interpretation can vary, especially when something has been left to the imagination (silent space). The poet didn’t specify she was diagnosed with cancer. This could be anyone’s cancer, not necessarily hers. It touches us all.


The first two lines of this haiku popped to mind instantaneously. In the third line I wanted something lightweight (add contrast, yin-yang) that can become heavy at the same time depict the cold and lifelessness of winter (death). Snowflakes fit that description. Though lightweight they can become a burden when they accumulate. Heavy snowfall changes the world as we know it—as does cancer. “Snowflakes” is a subtle yet profound and versatile season word. Snowflakes can also melt and become the water in a river.

 

perfuming the man

who broke its branch —

plum blossoms

 

— Fukuda Chiyo-Ni (1701 – 1775) (translation by Jim kacian)

 

 A little something extra: https://akitahaiku.com/2020/01/13/world-haiku-series-2019-26-haiku-by-corine-timmer/

 Examples of season words: https://www.adianta.com/YTKigoList.html


In addition to the Kigo  or season word, “pure” haiku also contain a Kireji  or cutting word. Next time we will learn more about the pause/cut that divides traditional haiku into two parts (juxtaposition of two images or ideas).

 

Enjoy!

 

Corine

 

 


Categories: haiku

Post a Comment

Oops!

Oops, you forgot something.

Oops!

The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.

52 Comments

Reply golden goose outlet
7:03 PM on September 19, 2020 
Would you be curious about exchanging hyperlinks?
golden goose outlet http://www.goldengooseoutlets.us
Reply kd13
4:27 AM on September 18, 2020 
Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So nice to search out any person with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for starting this up. this web site is one thing that's needed on the internet, someone with a little originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the web!
kd13 http://www.kd13shoes.us
Reply hermes belt
3:22 PM on September 17, 2020 
I?d need to check with you here. Which isn't one thing I normally do! I get pleasure from reading a post that can make people think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!
hermes belt http://www.hermesbelt.us.org
Reply supreme hoodie
5:40 PM on September 16, 2020 
I discovered your weblog website on google and check a couple of of your early posts. Continue to maintain up the superb operate. I simply further up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. In search of ahead to studying more from you in a while!?
supreme hoodie http://www.supreme-clothing.us.com
Reply moncler jacket
4:02 PM on September 15, 2020 
You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the issue and located most people will associate with along with your website.
moncler jacket http://www.monclersoutletstore.com
Reply adidas yeezy
7:04 AM on September 15, 2020 
It?s arduous to find knowledgeable individuals on this subject, however you sound like you already know what you?re talking about! Thanks
adidas yeezy http://www.adidasyeezysupply.com
Reply supreme new york
2:32 PM on September 14, 2020 
There are actually a whole lot of particulars like that to take into consideration. That could be a great point to convey up. I provide the ideas above as normal inspiration but clearly there are questions just like the one you deliver up where an important factor will probably be working in trustworthy good faith. I don?t know if finest practices have emerged round things like that, but I'm positive that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls really feel the impression of only a second?s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.
supreme new york http://www.supreme-newyork.us.com
Reply birkin bag
6:15 AM on September 13, 2020 
You made some decent points there. I regarded on the web for the issue and located most people will go along with along with your website.
birkin bag http://www.hermesbirkinbags.us.com
Reply golden goose outlet
7:43 PM on September 12, 2020 
After examine a few of the blog posts in your website now, and I truly like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site listing and will likely be checking again soon. Pls try my website as properly and let me know what you think.
golden goose outlet http://www.goldengooseofficial.com
Reply supreme clothing
3:52 PM on September 10, 2020 
It?s laborious to find educated individuals on this topic, however you sound like you realize what you?re speaking about! Thanks
supreme clothing http://www.supremeclothings.com
Reply Jordan AJ 1
10:13 AM on September 10, 2020 
https://www.yeezys.org.uk/ Yeezy
https://www.yeezyadidas.de/ Adidas yeezy
https://www.adidasyeezy.co/ Adidas yeezy
https://www.yeezyshoess.com/ Yeezy Shoes
https://www.adidasyeezyofficialwebsite.us/ Adidas Yeezy Official Website
https://www.discountuggsoutlet.us/ Discount UGG Outlet
https://www.uggoutlet.store/ UGG Outlet
https://www.yeezy350.me.uk/ Yeezy 350
https://www.adidasyeezy.me.uk/ Adidas Yeezy
https://www.ugguk.org.uk/ UGG UK
https://www.yeezy350.de/ Yeezy 350
https://www.uggsoutlet.us/ UGGS Outlet
https://www.timberlands.me.uk/ Timberland
https://www.timberlandshoes.org.uk/ Timberland Shoes
http://www.airmax97.us.com/ Air Max 97
http://www.max270.us.com/ Nike Air Max 270
http://www.supplyyeezy.us.com/ Yeezy Supply
http://www.kobebryant-jersey.us/ Kobe Bryant Jersey
http://www.kobebryantjerseysforsale.us/ Kobe Bryant Jerseys For Sale
http://www.kobebryantjersey24.us/ Kobe Bryant Jersey 24
http://www.kobebryantwebsiteofficial.us/ Kobe Bryant Website Official
http://www.yeezy-shoe.us.com/ Yeezy
http://www.yeezymafia.us.com/ Yeezy
http://www.nikes.us.com/ Nike Shoes
http://www.nikeshoes.us.org/ Nike Shoes
http://www.nfl-jerseys.us.org/ NFL Jerseys
http://www.yeezyboost350.us.com/ Yeezy Boost 350
http://www.yeezy.com.co/ Yeezy Shoes
http://www.nikeoutletstoreonlineshopping.us/ Nike Outlet
http://www.yeezy380.us/ Yeezy 380
http://www.yeezy380.us.com/ Yeezy 380
http://www.nikefactory.us.com/ Nike Outlet
http://www.humanraces.us.com/ Human Races
http://www.humanracesshoes.us/ Human Race Shoes
http://www.basketball-jerseys.us.com/ Basketball Jerseys
http://www.jerseysbasketball.us/ Basketball Jerseys
http://www.jerseys-nba.us/ Cheap NBA Jerseys
http://www.nikes-shoes.us.com/ Nike Outlet
http://www.yeezy-shoe.us.com/ Yeezy Shoes
http://www.yeezymafia.us.com/ Yeezy Mafia
http://www.yeezy350v2.us/ Yeezy 350 V2
http://www.yeezysofficialsite.us/ Yeezys Official Site
http://www.yeezyslides.us/ Yeezy sliders
http://www.jerseys-nba.us.com/ NBA Jerseys
http://www.jerseysnba.us.com/ NBA Jerseys
http://www.airjordan-1.us/ Air Jordan 1
http://www.airjordan1.us.com/ Air Jordan 1
http://www.jordan-1.us.com/ Jordan 1
http://www.jordan1s.us.com/ Jordan 1s
http://www.jordan1s.us/ Jordan 1s
http://www.retrojordan.us.com/ Jordan Retro
http://www.jordanretro4.us.com/ Jordan Retro 4
http://www.jordan4-retro.us/ Jordan 4 Retro
http://www.jordansshoess.us.com/ Jordans Shoes
http://www.jordan4s.us/ Jordan 4s
http://www.diorjordan1.us/ Dior Jordan 1
http://www.airjordan1mid.us/ Air Jordan 1 Mid
http://www.jordan11concord.us/ Jordan 11 Concord
http://www.jordan11retro.us/ Jordan 11 Retro
http://www.jordan1low.us/ Jordan 1 Low
http://www.jordan11s.us/ Jordan 11s
http://www.jordanaj1.us/ Jordan AJ 1
http://www.nbastores.us/ NBA Store
http://www.nbaoutletstore.us/ NBA Store
http://www.yeezystore.us.com/ Yeezy
http://www.yeezyssneakers.us.com/ Yeezy Sneaker
http://www.adidasyeezyofficialwebsite.com/ Adidas Yeezy Official Website
http://www.adidasyeezyonlinestore.us/ Adidas Yeezy Online Store
http://www.airmaxclearancesale.us/ Air Max Clearance Sale
http://www.nflshopofficialonlinestore.com/ NFL Shop Official Online Store
http://www.nikeuk.uk.com/ Nike UK
http://www.adidasyeezy.uk.com/ Adidas Yeezy
http://www.yeezy.uk.com/ Yeezy
http://www.yeezy350.uk.com/ Yeezy 350
��2b323
Reply bape clothing
7:36 PM on September 9, 2020 
This is the precise weblog for anyone who wants to seek out out about this topic. You notice a lot its virtually laborious to argue with you (not that I truly would want?HaHa). You undoubtedly put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just nice!
bape clothing http://www.bape-hoodie.us.com
Reply golden goose
3:25 AM on September 9, 2020 
You made some decent points there. I appeared on the web for the issue and located most people will go together with with your website.
golden goose http://www.goldengoosesneakers.us
Reply air jordan
7:21 PM on September 8, 2020 
An fascinating discussion is price comment. I feel that it's best to write extra on this subject, it may not be a taboo topic but generally people are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers
air jordan http://www.jordans.com.co
Reply jordans
3:50 PM on September 8, 2020 
You made some decent points there. I seemed on the web for the problem and located most individuals will go along with with your website.
jordans http://www.jordansshoes.us.org
Reply off white jordan 1
2:41 AM on September 7, 2020 
You made some first rate points there. I seemed on the internet for the problem and found most people will go along with with your website.
off white jordan 1 http://www.offwhiteshoes.us.com
Reply yeezy shoes
6:30 PM on September 6, 2020 
you may have an ideal weblog here! would you like to make some invite posts on my weblog?
yeezy shoes http://www.shoesyeezy.us
Reply yeezy wave runner 700
5:42 PM on September 5, 2020 
Would you be interested in exchanging hyperlinks?
yeezy wave runner 700 http://www.yeezy700.us.com
Reply off white shoes
3:43 PM on September 4, 2020 
Would you be interested in exchanging hyperlinks?
off white shoes http://www.offwhite.us.com
Reply balenciaga shoes
6:27 AM on September 4, 2020 
After examine a few of the weblog posts in your web site now, and I truly like your method of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site checklist and will probably be checking back soon. Pls try my web page as nicely and let me know what you think.
balenciaga shoes http://www.balenciagas.us.com